Cost is always an important consideration not only to businesses but individuals as well. Generally, air transport is cheaper for smaller items/loads. The cost of shipping goods by air is normally calculated based on the weight of the goods. On the other hand, sea transport costs are calculated based on space. Transport charges are based on the amount of space occupied by the goods in shipping containers. This, therefore, means that air transport will be cheaper for smaller loads while going by sea is better suited for larger loads.
Speed of Delivery
Shipping goods from one point to the other requires time. However, there is a big difference between shipping goods by air and sea. Air transport is by far the fastest means of transporting goods. Normal flights usually take a day or two to get your cargo shipped wherever it is that you want. By comparison, using the sea takes longer. Shipping goods by sea can take anything from a week to months. This means that you have to wait longer to receive shipments. This delay can be acceptable to individuals but not for businesses with urgent needs
More and more people and companies alike are becoming conscious to the need to use environmentally sound practices in their operations. In shipping, this means transporting your cargo with freight companies that rely on more efficient and environmentally friendly ships and aircrafts makes a big difference. In this case, air transport may have a smaller carbon footprint, as compared to using the sea as ships, take longer and burn more fuel.
When choosing a shipping method, the reliability of that method is vital. You need to know that the cargo will be delivered on time and safely. It is worth noting that since airlines operate numerous flights if the cargo misses one flight, then it is bound to be picked up by the next flight and deliver just a few hours late. On the other hand shipping via sea is known to be characterised by long delays. The cargo can be late in terms of days or even months.